‘In Amundsen’s Footsteps’: Expedition Re-traces route of Explorer’s 1905 Journey

Apr 8, 2016

An international team of explorers returned last week from a grueling 700-mile dog-sled journey from the Arctic Ocean to Eagle, Alaska. They were the first to re-trace the route that legendary explorer Roald Amundsen took in 1905 after his historic transit of the Northwest Passage.


Winds were howling on Feb. 28 when the three explorers set down on Herschel Island, just off the coast of Yukon Territory about 50 miles east of the U.S.-Canada border. A breathless videographer announced their arrival after they flew in from Inuvik, Northwest Territories.

Expedition members celebrate their success upon arrival in Eagle. Front row: "the real heroes" – the dogs that pulled the three sleds over the 700-mile journey. Back row, from left: Graham Burke, Tim Oakley, Wayne Hall and Earl Rolf, who broke trail and ferried supplies to caches along the route.
Credit inamundsensfootsteps.com

“Here they are – Tim Oakley, Wayne Hall, Graham Burke, out here on Herschel Island,” shouted the narrator of a video clip posted to a website dedicated to the expedition.

Oakley, Burke and Hall had already been on the trail for eight days. After a day’s rest on the island, they set out for the return trip to Eagle on the route Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen took in 1905, after he’d navigated the Northwest Passage – the first known transit of the icy route along Canada’s northern coast.

Amundsen went to Eagle because it was the closest telegraph station – and, Oakley says, he wanted to get to get the word out about his historic voyage.

“He wanted to tell the world that he’d done it,” Oakley said, “so he made a 700-mile sledging journey from Herschel Island to Eagle.”

Expedition members and their dogs left Eagle on Feb. 21 and mushed to Dawson, then traveled in trucks up the Dempster Highway to Inuvik, then by aircraft to Herschel Island. The expedition began there on Feb. 29, when the mushers set out on the return trip to Eagle.
Credit inamundsensfootsteps.com

Oakley was born in Canada and grew up in the U.K., and he’s a fellow with the Royal Geographical Society. He says the organization supported the expedition in part as a learning opportunity for students in Alaska, Canada, Norway and the U.K., who were able to monitor his journey through a blog he posted to the project website titled “In Amundsen’s Footsteps.”

“The educational program is to highlight the fragility of the Arctic regions, and climatically, what is happening up there,” he said.

Oakley says this wasn’t a scientific expedition, but rather a journey that might offer a snapshot of changes under way in the region. For example, he says Amundsen traveled over the frozen Yukon River when he set out in October 1905 – which might not be possible today.
 

Mushers and dogs were challenged by deep snow along the rough trail, as well as flooding rivers, high winds and bitter cold – until the last few days of the journey, when warmer temperatures set in, raising concerns the dogs would overheat.
Credit inamundsensfootsteps.com

“Last year,” he said, “the river didn’t freeze up at Eagle ’til about mid-December.”

Oakley says the warming climate probably led to the early breakup and overflow of the Firth River in far northern Yukon Territory. The flood soaked the three mushers and their dogs on the second day of their journey, and they spent a miserable 48 hours waiting for winds to die down.

“I think for all of us, the Firth was the most difficult part of the whole expedition,” he said. “It was extreme.”

Burke says Hall’s outdoorsman savvy helped the team survive the ordeal.

“I don’t know that we would’ve gotten through without Wayne’s skills,” he said.

Oakley says his team had been trying to maintain the same timeframe as Amundsen’s expedition. But he says they picked up the pace near the end of the journey as they were approaching Eagle.

“The weather started to get warmer and warmer, and the snow conditions were starting to get difficult,” he said. “And running dogs in hot weather is not particularly desirable.”

Hall's huskies are "exceptional dogs," well-suited to life on the trail in the far north. But warm temperatures like those that set in near the end of the journey could have diminished their performance and health
Credit inamundsensfootsteps.com

Oakley and Burke say the huskies Hall raised at his home in Eagle deserve most of the credit for the successful expedition. And he says they also appreciate support from others who run or race dogs.

“I think the heroes of this, as Graham’s pointed out, are the dogs. They are exceptional dogs,” Oakley said. “And I think we were very lucky that we had a lot of mushers from the Yukon Quest and from the Iditarod who were following us.”

Burke, who’s worked with dogs in his native New Zealand, says the team’s respect for animals shows another difference between the two expeditions.

“Back in Amundsen’s day,,” he said, “the dogs were an expendable commodity, if you like.”

Burke says all 22 huskies returned home safely. And one even gained a few pounds out on the trail.