Continuing protests have kindled a national conversation about racism and excessive force by law enforcement, especially on racial minorities. In Alaska, that’s resonated with Alaska Native families who have lost loved ones at the hands of police, including two in Fairbanks. As a warning, this story contains disturbing audio of fatal encounters with law enforcement.
Cody Eyre was shot to death two and a half years ago by police in Fairbanks. His mother had called 911 that Christmas Eve. She was concerned about her son -- he was drunk, distraught and heading into the snowy darkness with a .22 caliber pistol. He was 20 years old.
His sister Samantha Eyre-Harrison says even people she was close to didn’t really know what to say.
eyre after I lost my brother, there were a lot of people that felt really uncomfortable with the subject of officer related deaths and you know, police brutality…
Then the sights and sounds of George Floyd’s life slipping away at the hands of Minneapolis police shocked the nation’s conscience.
eyre And suddenly overnight, it became okay to talk about things that maybe before it wasn't okay to talk about, like being anti police. Or sorry, like talking about police brutality and talking about racism, talking about topics that were tough to discuss.
But she says for many of her friends in Alaska, solidarity extended primarily to people in the Lower 48.
eyre you know, they're sharing hashtag George Floyd, like justice for George Floyd. But they don't know the names of like anyone who has been, like killed by an officer here in the state of Alaska.
Alaska’s relatively small population makes it difficult to meaningfully compare the rate of police killings with other states or prove a racial bias. That’s because a small sample size can be skewed by just a few cases.
The Washington Post built a database tracking fatal police encounters since 2015. In Alaska, 39 people have been killed by police. Of those at least nine were Alaska Native. But, on the surface while Alaska Natives only make up about 15 percent of the population, they’re close to a quarter of all police killings in the state.
Cody Eyre’s killing remains controversial. He was carrying a loaded gun when he was shot. But relatives say he never threatened to harm anyone but himself.
“Put the gun down Cody!”
Fairbanks police released an edited 11-minute video compiled from bodycam and dashcam footage before five officers fired 40 shots in two volleys.
turney That video you shared, Mayor, was edited. It was edited. Before you even seen it was edited.
That’s the late social justice activist Frank Turney berating Fairbanks City Council for not investing more in non-lethal weapons for its police department. To date, the family says authorities still haven’t released the full video footage taken by police.
There's a lot more to that story -- but shoot a man 40 bullets in him? 40 bullets?
State prosecutors cleared the three state troopers and two Fairbanks police officers that fired their weapons.
They reasoned that Cody Eyre had pointed his handgun in the direction of officers and threatened them and that justified the use of deadly force. The family has since filed a wrongful death suit pending in federal court.
A family member of another suicidal Alaska Native man killed by police in Fairbanks addressed the city council that same evening.
mcenulty My husband had a gun to his head. Why would they shoot a person who who was contemplating suicide?
That man was Kevin McEnulty. His death came 15 months after Cody Eyre’s. The two cases have parallels. Both were Alaska Native men in their 20s. Both were armed and intoxicated and threatening to kill themselves in a public place.
There's a guy with a gun to his head right there in the green car to the far to the left. Cars are sitting here with their guns drawn out and they keep on telling to put the gun down, take it away from his head and he's screaming. ‘No!’
His wife Lisa McEnulty shared the video of his final minutes on social media in late May.
mcenulty He pointed at his head, he shot up in the air once and he got shot 13 times.
She says the outcry over police violence in recent weeks has sparked renewed interest -- and sympathy -- for her family. The video has thousands of views.
Kevin McEnulty left behind two young children. And she prefers to think of happier times when they were together. Like this moment in 2015 when he sings along to a pop song on the radio.
But she said he also struggled with drugs and alcohol. He was in treatment for more than a year. But he kept drinking and their relationship frayed.
mcenulty he asked me for a ride, like an hour before and I was like, No, I can do it. I'm sorry. Because I'm tired of I'm I was tired of his drinking.
Authorities say he’d threatened a woman with a gun and fired a shot in the air. The woman’s father called 911 and gave a description of the green car he was riding in. Officers stopped the car near the university campus and ordered everyone out.
An official report says that during the standoff with officers, he goaded police to kill him. But he also asked them to call a Fairbanks police officer he knew by name. And his wife. He gave officers a phone number to call. The report says the officer he wanted to talk to wasn’t on duty at the time. His wife says she didn’t get a call until after he was dead.
mcenulty I just… they should’ve tried harder.
Until this month Lisa McEnulty hadn’t seen the state’s report clearing the officers. And she’s been asking for it. Records requests with university police, Alaska State Troopers and Fairbanks police seeking bodycam and dashcam footage and police reports were filed by her attorney months ago.
I asked the Department of Law whether the use of deadly force was justified. Little more than an hour later a nine-page report clearing the officers appeared in my inbox.
It says Kevin McEnulty’s erratic statements, coupled with a loaded gun and close proximity of fast food diners meant police were justified in shooting him when they did.
His family didn’t know about that report -- even though it came out more than seven weeks ago. The (WEB Office of Special Prosecutions -- which prepared the report -) state says that was an oversight and has since shared its findings with Lisa McEnulty.
The head of the Department of Law’s criminal division John Skidmore wrote: We believe all victims should be treated with dignity and respect. While the actions of law enforcement were justified and therefore did not support filing of criminal charges, this does not mean Mr. McEnulty’s family are not victims in the loss of their loved one. We should be contacting victims to advise them about decisions we make. I have just confirmed we failed in this instance to do so. We will be contacting them today. Thank you for alerting me to this.
monegan if that is Truly What happened? And then I have no reason to believe if I didn't, then then it was a failure on the troopers part.
That’s Walt Monegan, he’s a former Anchorage police chief and two-time commissioner for the Department of Public Safety - which oversees Alaska State Troopers. (web: and a former director of the Alaska Native Justice Center. )
Monegan was a cop for 37 years. From patrolman to chief, he’s been involved with mental health crises and their aftermath.
monegan you try to isolate and and get the individual to calm down and And sometimes it does work. We've done it. I've seen it done in my career. It's just unfortunate.
He says even if a police officer’s use of deadly force is justified...
monegan It doesn't replace the tragedy that had taken place. I mean, individuals who are shot or otherwise killed that they have loved ones they have friends they have family that all want answers and I can't, can't argue with that. I would want them if I were in the situation too.
His advice to current law enforcement in Alaska is being feared by your community is not the same as being respected. “Fear is not respect and both respect and trust are faster realized when it is extended first,” he added. “If you want to be heard, it is easier if you listen first.”
Measuring something as subjective as racism is difficult. So is ascribing police’s use of force to bias. But Lisa McEnulty says racism is something she experiences in daily life. She grew up in Shungnak, an Inupiat village on the Kobuk River. But since moving to Fairbanks to complete her university degree she’s often made to feel like an outsider.
mcenulty When I walk into Walmart, um, people look at me and sometimes they follow me around the store if I do not look like how they want me to look for instance, if I don't have on like a full face of makeup, or if I don't look professional or the way they want me to look in their eyes, they're gonna follow me and they're gonna automatically think that I'm a threat.
That’s one person’s experience. Others may vary. But when it comes to police encounters, researchers have shown consistently that Native Americans including Alaska Natives are more likely to be killed by officers than their white peers.