Fairbanks North Star Borough Mayor Karl Kassel says most of the borough’s 250 or so buildings are badly in need of maintenance. He says many are so old that they just need to be torn down and replaced. And he says it’ll cost nearly $400 million to catch up on that backlog. The mayor told a couple hundred area residents who showed up for two meetings Wednesday that they and their local elected leaders will have to solve the problem, because it’s unlikely the state will pay for much, if any, of that work.
Kassel says the Fairbanks North Star Borough and all other Alaska municipalities have for decades relied on the state to pay for building and maintaining local roads, schools, libraries and just about all other public structures.
“That’s been our business model,” he said, “and that’s what’s broken.”
But the state’s been cutting that funding since the price of oil began to nosedive four years ago. So much so that Kassel says he expects little or no funding for either maintenance or capital projects in the years ahead.
“Our business model is changing,” he said, “And we have to change with that.”
Kassel told about 130 people who turned out for the first of two meetings at the Pioneer Park Exhibition Hall Wednesday that borough officials have tried to lessen the impact of the steady decrease in state funding by juggling funds and finding operational efficiencies, while lobbying lawmakers and the governor to restore at least some funding.
“We’ve just been sucking it up,” he said. “How long can we do that? I’m telling you, we’re at the end of the road. OK?”
The mayor says the backlog of some $389 million in deferred maintenance and capital-project spending over the past 10 years, and the need to spend more than a billion dollars over the next 20 years to replace the borough’s aging structures – and the unlikelihood of state officials solving the problem anytime soon – all make it necessary for local officials, and the residents they serve, to take matters in their own hands.
“We’ve got to sort this out,” he said, “We’ve got to sort it out soon, because we’re still digging a hole.”
Which brought Kassel to the inevitable question: how to pay for all that work? The mayor says budget cuts are inevitable, but he also says borough officials must consider boosting revenues and look at other strategies, such as issuing more bonds to finance construction.
“We’ve got to look at revenues – fees, taxes. The bad words. We’ve got to look at that,” he said. “We’ve got to look at bonding … so we can bond things and stretch payments out.”
The latter alternative appealed to Jerry Rafson, who sat in on the noon meeting.
“I think the simplest way, in my mind, is to run out some bond issues,” Rafson said, “preferably (for) individual facilities, and see what the voters vote for.”
Bob Hildebrant says he favors both cuts in services, such as closing one of the borough’s three pools, and revenue increases.
“I think maybe cutting some things and raising revenue, getting a balance in there,” he said, “and see if we can work it out.”
Hildebrant says he opposes the borough tax cap, a voter-initiated limit on the amount of revenue the borough can collect and that must be reaffirmed by voters every two years. He says he’ll vote against it in next year’s local election.
Linda File, who also attended the noon meeting, says she strongly believes the borough must boost revenues. File says voters should lift the borough’s tax cap, and she says she’d pay higher user fees and a sales tax, as well as a state income tax.
“I feel like it’s a citizen’s responsibility to contribute,” she said.
Kassel says he’ll convene more of the town hall-like meetings in the near future to talk with residents about other fiscal issues as he and his staff begin work on the coming fiscal year’s budget.
Editor's note: Borough officials have posted the slideshow Kassel used in Wednesday's meeting to help explain the need for maintenance and capital-project funding.